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Every transaction is recorded on the blockchain as a proof of record. The blockchain stores the digital signatures of the accounts, providing proof that the accounts authorized the transaction.

A transaction typically changes the balances and state of an account. For example, a transaction to transfer 100 USDC from Alice to Bob will reduce Alice's account by 100 USDC and increase Bob's account by 100 USDC.

Anatomy Of A Transaction


The signature is a unique identifier for that particular transaction.


The timestamp is the time at which the transaction occurred.


The status indicates whether the transaction succeeded or failed.


The changes represent changes to the account balance and state. The account's token balances or SOL balance may change as a result of the transaction.


Instructions are the directions that indicate what changes the account should undergo.

Network Fee

Network fee is the amount paid to the network to process the transaction.